Europe et Leadership: Du foot ball a l’economie


Je suis arrive a Paris  ce matin apres une semaine a Bonn et une escale d’une heure a Londres. Paris ne rit pas. Aujour’hui, c’est la greve.

Je change 200 dollars en euro.  L’agent de change  me remet 137  euros et 70 centimes. 

Je prends le train de l’aeroport Charles de Guale  vers la gare du Nord. Je lis qu’ en raison du mouvement social, le service fonctionne au ralenti et de s’attendre au retard.

Plus que le service, le pays fonctionne au ralenti. Ca se sent. Je rapporte les journaux que je lisais dans l’avion. Les grands titres tournent autour de la debacle de l’equipe de foot-ball, la greve du transport public pour protester contre l’augmentation de l’age de la retraite, le budget et la crise economique.

Il fait chaud dans le train. Mon voisin a la tete tournee vers le plafond. Il ne parle pas et ne veut pas parler. J’ai quand meme essaye de  briser la glace avec un ca va.

Oui, oui me repond-t-il me jetant un regard furtif et un rire jaune. Un sourire en etirant le slevres sans montrer les dents.

J’ai repris mes journaux et je suis tombe sur article du Wall Street Journal sur le leadership et l’Europe.

L’article traite du foot-ball signalant la debacle des equipes europeennes au manque du leadership des capitaines sur le terrain.

C’est aussi le cas dans le secteur economique. L’Europe n’est plus le levier de la croissance.

En conversant tout a l’heure avec Shirley, jeune francaise d’origine haitienne qui travaille a Durbai, elle m’explique que la debacle du foot ball europeen et la crise de l’economie en Europe prouvent bien qu’il ya une crise de leadership.

A la recherche de Lufthansa!


Can you I borrow your pen , please?

Je viens de demander à la dame qui essuyait les bancs au terminal de Continental airlines a l’aéroport de Fort-Lauderdale de me passer sa plume. Elle me l’a donnee. Une papermate noir qui ecrit bleu.

Je suis bien content parce que je voulais prendre des notes sur mon voyage.

Je suis assis calmement en face d’un Chili Margarita Bar. Je promène mes yeux sur le concourse, je vois Chili too go, Pizza. Et des gens vont et viennent. D’autres sont assis attendant leur vol.

René m’a deposé à l’aéroport. Mon vol est à Lufthansa en route pour Bonn , en Allemagne, passant par Newark, New York.

En regardant les panneaux annonceurs sur la route 595, je n’ai pas vu de Lufthansa. J’ai vite déduit que ce doit être au terminal 4 parce que c’est écrit Spirit and all the others.

René m’ a salué et je suis entré au terminal 4 avec tous mes bagages.

Pas de Lufthansa. Seulement, les comptoirs de Spirit Air occupent ce terminal. Apres quelques jours de non activité suite à la greve de ses pilotes, Spirit reprend du service.

Des gens sont couchés à même le sol jouant aux cartes, lisant sur ipad, ou jouant aux jeux videos.

J’ai vite jeté un coup d’oeil sur ma réservation et j’ai vu que mon départ est au terminal 1. Je me suis dit que je dois porter attention aux détails beaucoup plus.

Je vais au terminal 1. C’est un peu loin. Je dois marcher sous le soleil avec les bagages. Je voulais passer par le parking en quête d’ un roue libre mais je me  suis decidé à marcher en passant à l’intérieur.

Le terminal 4 n’est pas loin du 3. Mais les immeubles 3 et 2 sont différents. Et du 2 au 1, c’est encore plus eloigné. J’ai commencé à suer. J’ai un sac au dos contenant mon ordinateur, mes caméras et autres matériels.

Je roule ma grande malette placant ma carry-on en dessus. Ma main droite me fait mal. Je change de main. Entretemps, la sueur coule à flot sur mon visage. Mes verres glissent sur le bout de mon nez.   Je les pousse avec mon index droit.

Ouf, je suis finalement au concourse 1. L’air est frais. là encore, pas de Luftansa.

Je me suis dit que c’est intéressant. j’ai décidé à parler à quelqu’un .

Je ne vois que SouthWest airlines et Continental. Je prends la ligne vers SouthWest. Arrivé au comptoir, j’ai demandé à  l’hôtesse ou je dois prendre l’avion Luftansa pour aller en Allemagne. Elle hisse ses paupières et baragouine: Luftansa. Pas ici.

Elle appelle de la main un autre collegue. Celui-ci veut voir ma reservation. Je lui ai tendu le papier. Il regarde et me dit que Luftansa , c’ est peut-être a Miami.

“Ah,non”, lui ai-je  répondu. C’est bien marqué Fort-lauderdale . Peut-être que vous ne savez pas”!

Il m’ a dit de demander à Continental à côté.

J’ai ramassé mes bagages pour aller a Continental. L’allée était vide.

Une dame s’occupait des bagages d’un couple qui venait d’imprimer leur boarding pass au kiosque électronique. je lui ai dit que je cherche Lufthansa. Elle m’ a dit que ce n’est pas ici.

Je lui ai dit que je vais a Newark, New York en route pour l’Allemagne. et ma réservation est faite sur le terminal 1 a Fort-lauderdale  et que Continental est la seule ligne ici qui va a Newark New York et qu’il se peut que c’est la ligne correspondante pour Lufthansa.

Sa collegue intervien: Oui c’est nous qui faisons le vol de départ pour Lufthansa.

Je suis un peu consolé.

Yanza, l’hôtesse de Continental me demande le numéro du ticket et mon passeport qu’elle “swipe” dans le lecteur magnetique.

j’ai vu mon nom sur l’écran et je me suis dit que c’est ok.

Elle a enregistré mon bagage que je vais reprendre a Munich.

J’ai pris mon boarding pass. Je me suis rendu aux toilettes. Un homme faisait le nettoyage. Il est un Haïtien. Je lâche un sak pase. Il me répond avec un large sourire: nap boule.

Il s’appelle Julcius Joseph et vient du Limbé. En laissant sécher mes mains, Julcius me parle d’Haiti yon bon ti peyi.

Je lui ai lancé un large sourire dans le miroir. Et je luis serrai les mains pour dire au revoir.

j’ai passé les services de sécurité.

Ouf, je suis assis. Je tire mon petit carnet pour prendre des notes sur ce moment. Pas de plume. En face de moi, une vendeuse au Newslink a une plume pendue dans l’attaché de son badge.

Je suis entré au Newslink feuilletant des magazines. les grands titres: saint Sarah, the global game etc…

Je demande à la dame de me donner sa plume. Elle m’a dit nom et m’invité à en acheter une. Elle m’a montré quelques plumes coûtant  un minimum de 2.99$.

En sortant, je lui ai dit merci. Elle m’ a demandé pourquoi je n’ai pas acheté la plume. je lui ai dit que c’ est trop cher.

Je suis assis. Et j’ ai vu cette dame qui ramassait de vieux journaux, des bouteilles vides laissés par des passagers. Elle avait une plume en main et je lui ai demande si elle pouvait me la donner. Elle me l’ a tendue et j’ai vite tracé des grabouillages pour me rassurer que la plume est bonne.

Et j’ai écrit sans arrêt tout ce que je viens de vivre pendant cette dernière heure.

Leadership, Assistance and Occupation: lessons from Afghanistan!


“If we don’t stand for our sovereignty, it won’t take long before that assistance turns into an occupation”, said Afghan President criticizing the US and others.

As a global leadership scholar, I am studying American soft power leadership and its practices on the global world in general and in Haiti in particular.

Shortly after the earthquake last January, I spent several days at the airport in Port-au-Prince where most rescue teams stayed for the first phase of the emergency response. Most of the rescues were from Afghanistan and I had the opportunity to talk about the situation of this country.

I just read a story published by the Wall Street Journal on Afghan Affairs. And what I read is close to the situation in Haiti with one difference: Haiti is not an open war zone on terrorism and ethnic fundamentalism.

But besides this main difference, some tags words will include both countries: aid, troops, election, corruption, occupation, sovereignty etc…

100,000 American troops are fighting a deadly war against the Taliban in Afghanistan whose government is propped up by billions of dollars in aid.

US President Barack Obama just visited his Afghan homologue President Hamid Karzai. Talks from both side were not soft.

Obama criticized Mr. Karzai on pervasive corruption in his government.

This looks the same with Obama meeting with Preval recently at the White House. I don’t know the content of their closed talks but shortly after his visit, the State Department released a report on corruption in Preval’s administration.

USA today published a story pointing at a Minister closed to Preval who is a stakeholder in a construction firm which has been granted several contracts in the reconstruction of Port-au-Prince.

Afghanistan and Haiti should have elections this year.

Karzai, on his side, is very hard on elections issues and the control of the Electoral Commission.

Parliamentary elections are slated for September in Afghanistan. And the control over the Electoral Commission is the main target.

The main challenge for the US and its allies in Afghanistan is the ability to use at the very same time both the hard power of the military intervention and the soft power of influence through leadership building capacity.

Soft power as defined by Joseph Nye of Harvard University is the ability to obtain what one wants through co-option and attraction. It is in contradistinction to ‘hard power‘, which is the use of coercion and payment.  Soft power should be based on trust, values and institutions.

Roosevelt Jean-Francois

Caricom’s quest for leadership role in Haiti


My topic for this post is Haiti amidst the global softpower and global
 leadership  in the  rebuilding process.
I just had a chat with a friend about this topic and he mentioned the
 internet  and facebook as the  main global  softpowers.  Which I disagree,
understanding that these are medias and not the  message.
Haiti is to share its rebuilding process with global powers including
 countrries  (USA, Canada,  France, Brazil and the Domnican Republic);
global, regional and  multilateral organizations  (UN, OAS, IDB,WB, EU 
and Caricom and global personalities and philantropies. 
I want to focus more on Caricom leadership and the call of its leaders to
 
 
play ‘a clear role’ in the reconstruction of Haiti.
Caricom has a special envoy to Haiti. It’s former Jamaican prime minister
 PJ Patterson who spoke at th UN international donors
 conference.
He did not say that much and his pocket is not as deep as others.
Some  caricom members accused   the international community
of excluding the Caribbean from reconstruction efforts in Haiti,
following the January earthquake.
They also argue  that Caricom can provide the voice that Haiti
 itself does not have,  in its time of crisis.
I totally agree with this comment. But Caricom should also
prove to be an inclusive
 community first and to accept Haitians on thir soil not to
deport them neither stigmatize them.
Leadership comes with responsibility.  And the softpower and
 leadership role  Caricom is seeking for should start with a clear
acceptance of Haiti and Haitians to be part wholly in the community
and to guarantee its members protection and
acceptance on the soil of the 14 sovereign nations.
Caricom wants be the column for the steering wheel, while arguing
for Haiti  to be in the driving seat.
But, Caricom should start by proving it cares for Haitians in its
 country members first.
 

Obama called Haitians to wipe away tears and start building and Preval recommended a Trust Fund


I just went on the White House web site to follow Preval/Obama meeting.  The main point I get from this is Obama is calling Haitians to stand up and move forward and Preval is pledging for a Donnors Trust Fund on Haiti.

“It is time to wipe away the tears; it is time for Haiti to rebuild”, said Obama.

In other wors no more BeBelala… let’s move on.

Here are some more excerps of Obama’s remarks.

 Haiti can lead the way, and will lead the way, with a strong vision for its future. The international community can pledge the resources that will be necessary for a coordinated and sustained effort.

And working together, we can ensure that assistance not simply delivers relief for the short term, but builds up Haiti’s capacity to deliver basic services and provide for the Haitian people over the long term. So, Mr. President, in the face of devastation that shocked the world, the people of Haiti responded with resolve and faith that inspired the world — in song and in prayer, and in the determination to carry on.

As you declared during last month’s national day of mourning, it is time to wipe away the tears; it is time for Haiti to rebuild. And to you, and to the Haitian people, I say today, as you embark on the heavy work ahead, you will continue to have a steady and reliable partner in the United States of America.

From Preval, I welcome the idea of a trust fund to be created . This is a good idea.

Preval said “I do recommend the concept of a coordination via the creation of a trust fund, a donors trust fund, whose implementation would be done followed according to a unique procedure carried out by one executing agency”.

We must deal with the need of rebuilding Haiti, thanks to an effective decentralization policy — namely, offering health care, education, jobs to all Haitians, men and women, regardless of where they live in the country, in order to prevent migratory flows towards the big cities, towards Port-au-Prince, and that will help avoid that disaster such as the earthquake would cause so many victims.

 On March 31st, there will be at the United Nations an international conference in order to support the reconstruction of Haiti.

I do hope that all participants will share this philosophy, this vision, of decentralization. And at the same time, just as the first responders, I do recommend the concept of a coordination via the creation of a trust fund, a donors trust fund, whose implementation would be done followed according to a unique procedure carried out by one executing agency.

We talked about this and I do know that we can already count on your support to be the advocate of that idea during this conference in support of our vision.

I hope,  next time, Preval or his successor will take time to look at his vis a vis eyeball to eyeball and not only read his paper head down or to the public.

Because, in the US culture, if youPreval and Obama at the White House hide your eyes, they don’t trust you and if they don’t trust you they will not follow your so good idea of a Trust Fund.

If you want to read all the transcript of Preval and Obama:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-obama-and-president-preval-republic-haiti

Or watch the the video:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/photos-and-video/video/standing-together-with-haiti

Roosevelt

TRAUMA TRAINING FOR MEDIA SUPPORTS HAITIAN RECOVERY


Haitian Media Leaders Meet with Global Experts in Post-Disaster Coverage

 Port au Prince, HAITI, 6 March 2010 – Specialists from Haiti, the United States and France convened by the Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma offer lessons learned from media in other global disasters, as senior executives of leading media companies meet in Port au Prince and Jacmel to plan recovery coverage.  .

 “Journalists and media professionals face unique challenges covering traumatic events“, says Bruce Shapiro, Executive Director of the Dart Center,  “including the ethical treatment of victims and survivors, the impact of trauma coverage on news consumers and communities, complete and accurate reporting under stress, and the psychological hazards of traumatic events for the news professionals who cover them.”

“We feel very fortunate to be able to gather with our colleagues to discuss best approaches”, said Roosevelt Jean-François, director of CECOSIDA.  “All of us have lost close ones, and in the midst of our own grief, we also collect stories of terror and triumph from the community.  We want to ensure that as media professionals, we are among the leaders rebuilding Haiti.  That as we rebuild the structures around us, we are also rebuilding the people around us, individually and as a community.”

 Recognizing the unique power of media to inform, connect people with life-saving services, and engage communities, participating broadcast executives agreed to develop and coordinate a series of concrete initiatives, including a regional public information campaign and journalism workshops and other skills-building programs, to build broadcast capacity to support Haiti’s recovery. 

 The workshops are supported with financial contributions from the Global Media AIDS Initiative, UNESCO, Alicia Patterson Foundation.

 # # #

 About CECOSIDA

A Center for Communication on HIV/AIDS & Public Health, CECOSIDA was founded in 1999 as an association of journalists committed to improving health responses in Haiti.  CECOSIDA produces original programming under the well-known brand “AN’N VIV: Lanmou. Pwoteksyon. Respe”. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Elton John AIDS Foundation, Ford Foundation, and Dade Community Foundation are supporting partners of CECOSIDA, which is the Haitian implementer of the Caribbean Broadcast Media Partnership on HIV/AIDS, a regional initiative of the Global Media AIDS Initiative.

 About Dart Center for Trauma & Journalism

The Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma, a project of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, is dedicated to informed, innovative and ethical news reporting on violence, conflict and tragedy.  Whether the topic is street crime, family violence, natural disaster, war or human rights, effective news reporting on traumatic events demands knowledge, skill and support. The Dart Center provides journalists around the world with the resources necessary to meet this challenge, drawing on a global, interdisciplinary network of news professionals, mental health experts, educators and researchers.  For more information, visit: http://www.dartcenter.org.

 About the Global Media AIDS Initiative

Launched in 2004 by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan in coordination with the Kaiser Family Foundation and UNAIDS, the Global Media AIDS Initiative (GMAI) mobilizes leading media companies around the world to leverage their vast resources to address AIDS.  Through large-scale regional coalitions of media — a network that includes more than 300 media companies — the GMAI leverages the communication power of mass media to get out information about HIV and challenge stigma related to the disease.  As Secretariat of the GMAI since 2007, the Kaiser Family Foundation provides strategic and operational direction.  The GMAI receives support from the Ford Foundation and Elton John AIDS Foundation.  For more information, visit: www.thegmai.org.

For further information contact:

Roosevelt Jean-François, 954.604.0817 (U.S.)   

Roosevelt.CECOSIDA@gmail.com

Soeurette Policar (509)3438-2315(Haiti)

soeurette.CECOSIDA@gmail.com

Leçons de leadership du Chili


Le Chili, comme Haiti, fait face à l’après séisme . Je suis la réponse chilienne et j’ai appris quelques leçons que je veux bien patager.

1.-Préparation

Les Chiliens étaient prêts et avaient des informations sur le comportement à adopter en cas de tremblement de terre. Ce qui a considérablement réduit les dégats en pertes de vie humaine.

2.-Le chef de l’Etat s’est fait voir  

A 5:10 am , juste une heure de temps après le séisme, Michelle Bachelet s’est rendue au Bureau National Chilien des Désastres, pourrencontrer les autorités civiles et militaires. Un peu plus tard , elle survolait en hélicoptère les zones les plus affectées. Elle s’est rendue sur le terrain.

3.- L’Etat prend le contrôle

Elle assume l’autorité de l’Etat ordonne à l’armée de contller les quartiers et déclare l’Etat de Catstrophe.

Conversation with Christianna Amanpour


It was hot and very hot on the tarmac of the haitian Toussaint Louverture airport in Port-au-Prince. Military planes from the US, Canada, Venezuela landed and took off one after the other leaving and bringing  noise to kill your ear drum.

At 5:10 pm local EST, I was told that my charter flight to Santo domingo previously scheduled to 3:30 pm will finally depart. I streched my legs and pulled my carry on to a bus to drive us to the plane.

Next to me, a very familiar TV  face. I got closer and she smiled.

“You lok someone I know”, I said.

“Really”, she replied with a big smile . 

“”Are Crhistianne Amanpoor”, I asked. She said yes… handind her right  hand  for a firm handshake.

I told her my name and smiled.

It was impossible to start a conversation. The noise from the  planes  reactors were against us.

I stood by her and confirmed we’re on the same flight to Santo Domingo.

We got on the bus. She sat behind me. My thinking was on the questions I would have for her and how to secure my seat on the plane next to her.

I got off the bus and opened the door for her. She thanked me and fired her first question.

“How long have you been here”, she asked .

She also asked me about my family, wife, kids, father and mother.

We were still on the tarmac  ready to board the Cessna Jet.

She was with a CNN crew of 7 members.

I made sure she boarded first and I got on the plane right after her. She sat by the window and put her briefcase on the place next to her.

“Would you mind if I sit here and have a conversation with you Christianna”, I asked her.

“No not at all”, she replied moving her briefcase to the floor and inviting me to sit.

We had a casual conversation on what I do as a journalist and about CECOSIDA and relationship with Kaiser Family Foundation and the Caribbean Broadcast Media Partnership.

She says she likes what CECOSIDA is doing with sms to provide emmergency information service and partnership with Thompson reuters Foundation.

I told her about my project to do a training session for haitian journalists on Trauma.

She asked question; then  paused, knocking her head up down, smiled and silenced. Her 3-4 seconds silencincing, her eyes on my eyes were the most empathic moments.

Then, I asked her how long she has been with CNN> She said 26 and a half years. 

I said 26 years… and she said and a half… laughing a loud… lol.

We had a conversation a battons rompus in French and English. She told me she started at the bottom … doing everything… in the newsdesk …

About Haiti, she told me, the worse is already done. now is the time to look for the better. And even after the cameras will go, the international community will remain engaged in the country.

She questioned me about Haiti’s history, the soul of the people.

She compared haiti to nowhere. “It’s not Africa and it’s not America”, she said this is a unique place, with unique people and unique history.

Our plane left PaP.

She checked her blackberry. I took time to send a quick post on Facebook telling my friends that I’m traveling by Christianne Amanpour.

She took out  a book, a novel of marie-Claude Chauvet I read in French: Amour , Colere and Folie (love, wrath and madness).

We spoke about litterature. Haitian writters, Us writters.

She silenced a minute looking through the winddow the haitian landscape. She siad what a beautiful country showing me the pink rays of the sunset on the mountains.

She gave me  her contact information and I gave her my card.

“Plaese, if you come to New York, let’s continue our conversation”, she told me.

We passed the immigration service in santo domingo leaving her with her team .

HAITI’s OVERVIEW SITUATION: AN OCHA UPDATE


The Government is reporting that 112,392 have died and 196,501 people have been injured by the earthquake.  Some 262,901 people have left the earthquake-affected areas for departments in the north and west, according to the Government. The number of displaced people ranges from 800,000 to one million.

Relief supplies are being distributed throughout affected areas but the needs continue to outweigh the response. The priorities for assistance are food, including ready-to-eat meals and beans and rice, and shelter, including tents and shelter material such as plastic sheeting The Shelter Cluster is currently trying to ascertain the exact numbers of tents in country and in the pipeline. Stoves are required to support the cooking of dry rations.

A Joint Operations Tasking Center has started operations and will enable the Haitian Government, MINUSTAH, the humanitarian community, the US and Canadian militaries to coordinate their support to the affected population. An increase in number of cancelled flight slots or no-show slots has been reported at  Port-au-Prince airport. They are unable to meet scheduled arrival slot times.  Flights into Port-au-Prince should only contain cargo that is consigned to organizations that are able to move the cargo from the airport upon arrival and distribute or utilize the materials immediately.

While commercial activities have resumed in many parts of the country, retailers are expressing concern about the difficulties with procurement of new supplies to replenish stocks. All entry points in the country are being used exclusively for humanitarian aid, interrupting normal commercial supply lines. An increase in commodity prices has also been reported further increasing the number of people who are dependent on humanitarian assistance.

In order to help stimulate the local economy, UNDP has started engaging Haitians in cash-for-work programmes. So far, some 7,500 people have been hired for initial activities such as rubble removal and road clearing. UNDP and WFP are currently discussing the possibility of accompanying the daily cash remuneration (150 Gourdes/$3) with a food ration, bringing the remuneration to 200 Gourdes/$5 a day. The  second phase of the programme will focus on hiring people for reconstruction activities.

A joint OCHA/EU assessment of Leogane on 25 and 26 January found that food, water and health remain priority concerns. Apart from one large settlement area at the Stade Gerard Christophe which houses about 400 families, no large makeshift camps were observed; most of the affected populations are in minority.

Some 43,000 radios have been distributed to people in Port-au-Prince by the US as part of an overall effort to reach the people of Haiti via FM/AM broadcasting of Haiti public service announcements. PAHO/WHO is preparing key health messages (e.g. water sanitation, handling patients, etc.) and translating them for dissemination to the public.

The security situation in Port-au-Prince and other affected areas remains stable. There has been a need for crowd control measures at food distribution points and some distributions have been disrupted. Military escorts are required for UN relief distributions. MINUSTAH continues to assist nationwide efforts to apprehend recent prison escapees.


RAPID ASSESSMENT SUMMARY – Petit Goave Aftershock (20 January, 2010)

Overview:

 At 0603hours on 20 January 2010, the USGS reported a 6.1 magnitude earthquake at 9.9 km depth, 5.4 km west of Petit Goave [population 154,739]. (Note – the USGS later reported the aftershock as 5.9 magnitude at 10km depth.) In response to this event, the United Nations dispatched a MINUSTAH helicopter carrying a rapid assessment and response team of UNDAC, EU, USAR, and medical specialists. The team arrived in Petit Goave at approximately 1010h. By 1050hours the team had conducted a visual inspection of the city core and had confirmed with local authorities that Petit Goave had not experienced any significant new damage and that there were no reported injuries as a result of the aftershock.

 As indicated by the 16 January rapid assessment conducted by UNDAC, EU, and IOM, most residents of Petit Goave were already on the streets of the city and not in their dwellings at the time of this aftershock.

The team worked with local officials to identify seven (7) buildings that had collapsed as a result of the aftershock. UK I-SAR resources then searched these sites and found nobody entrapped. The UK team remained on location to conduct a methodical search of the remainder of the city.

As a part of its assessment, the team visited the local hospital and found that while doctors were present, the hospitals facilities were severely damaged and that there was a shortage of medical supplies. The team’s medical component, consisting of 15 medical professionals from Poland, established a clinic at the site and were to remain until 1500hours 21 January 2010.

 The team then completed a more in-depth humanitarian assessment of Petit Goave. This included discussion with the Mayor, Police Commissioner, NGO contacts, hospital administrator and local residents.  

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION  

 

Immediate Needs –

 

  • Water purification kits
  • Potable water
  • Shelter
  • Medical supplies and facilities
  • Food
  • Reinstatement of banking infrastructure (little cash in local economy)
  • Fuel

USAR –

  • UK ISAR team searched the city centre and found no entrapped victims following the aftershock of 20 January.
  • Seven structures were reported collapsed as a result of the aftershock.
  • Local civil protection officials have begun to clear debris from collapse sites.
  • Certain buildings in the city centre are at risk of further collapse and could threaten surrounding structures.
  • A structural engineer from Swiss Humanitarian Aid has commenced a survey of key buildings.

 

Health –

 

  • The engineer from Swiss Humanitarian Aid made an initial assessment that the main hospital building was damaged beyond repair.
  • Seven Cuban doctors are working with five local doctors to operate a clinic in the hospital courtyard.
  • The hospital administrator reported that medical supplies were very low.
  • 50-60 patients are being treated per day.
  • The doctors are visiting local IDP camps in an attempt to prevent the spread of disease and because there is no space at the hospital compound. 
  • The departing USAR team will be leaving its medical supplies at the hospital due to the severe shortages observed.

 

Shelter –

  • The large local IDP camp previously located at the sports field (N18°25’55” by W072°51’41”) has been disbanded by local authorities and the field is now a landing zone for helicopters.
  • Other local IDP camps were observed and some residents are living in the street.
  • Camp conditions are primitive, with no sanitation, no potable water (river water only), and makeshift materials.
  • There are 36,296 households in Petit Goave (2008 UNFPA census)

 

Food –

 

  • Residents reported limited food supplies and a lack of cash access to purchase food.
  • The local Market was shut down and empty due to lack of stock.
  • Some food was available from street vendors and prices were reported as stable and at market value.
  • Fresh bread and vegetables were available from some vendors.

 

Watsan

  • MINUSTAH is providing potable water from its camp. The hospital is using this water, but residents’ ability to do so is limited by a lack of water containers.
  • Water is available from a local river (not treated), but residents report it is not potable.
  • No sanitation arrangements were observed in the local IDP camps.
  • A large amount of refuse was observed in the streets.

 

Education –

 

  • A local teacher reported schools were closed.
  • Local IDP camps are located at some schools.
  • The city appears well served by school facilities – most of which appear undamaged.

 

Protection

  • Local and UN police are present and visible in the community.
  • There were no reports of lawlessness.
  • Local IDP camps lack secure perimeters.

 

Logistics

  • Local officials report that heavy equipment is available, but a lack of fuel is limiting recovery efforts.
  • Existing resources are being well-managed by local officials.

 

Miscellaneous –

 

  • The mayor reported 1077 people dead as a result of the 12 January earthquake.
  • Electricity remains off.
  • The electric grid has sustained some damage (poles down).
  • Local officials state that the population is reluctant to return to their dwellings, due to fear of further aftershocks. This has been reinforced by today’s strong aftershock.

 

RESPONSE:

  • Local officials and NGOs have established a response coordination group and have identified current needs. The coordination committee can be contacted at simonbourdat@hotmail.fr.
  • Local civil protection and community networks are in place and appear to be functioning well, despite a shortage of resources.   
  • Local officials have managed corpses, although some victims are reported to be still under rubble (when accessed, these are being buried by local officials).
  • Swiss Humanitarian Aid is dispatching shelter kits (tent, mattress, kitchen kits, etc.) for 1000 people. Further supplies will be sent for 3000 people total.
  • A 15-person Polish medical team will remain in the community until 21 January.
  • Swiss Humanitarian Aid is setting up two large tents in the hospital compound.
  • Medicins Sans Frontiers and Medicins du Monde were on location at the hospital to provide supplies and support.
  • UK ISAR completed a reconnaissance operation for the entire urban area of Petit Goave – no live entrapments found.

 

January 20, 2010 (2000hours)

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